After-Action Review Resources

After-Action Review: Technical Guidance: This handbook—the USAID guide on how to plan, prepare, and conduct an after-action review—was developed by USAID Knowledge for Development (KfD) using the United States Army’s TC (Technical Circular) 25-20 as a guide. The Army developed the concept of AARs as an essential training methodology for soldiers in preparing for both combat duty and ongoing programs such as peacekeeping. The guide is organized according to the four steps it lays out for the AAR process: planning for the AAR, preparing for the AAR, conducting the AAR, and following up/using the AAR results.

The Art of Knowledge Exchange: Knowledge exchange, or peer-to-peer learning, is a powerful way to share, replicate, and scale up what works in development. This edition of the World Bank-produced guide draws lessons from more than 100 exchanges financed by the World Bank South-South Facility, analytical work conducted by the World Bank Institute and the Task Team for South-South Cooperation, and reflects the experiences of dozens of World Bank Group staff, learning professionals, government officials, and other international development practitioners who have brokered and participated in South-South knowledge exchange activities. After-action reviews are among the knowledge-exchange techniques covered.

Making the Case for Reflection at Work: Why After-Action Reviews Are Worth Your Time: This conversational article shares insights about the value of creating time and space for teams to reflect on processes and outcomes and shares key considerations for planning and carrying out after-action reviews.

Ramalingam, B. Tools for Knowledge and Learning: A Guide for Development and Humanitarian Organisations: This toolkit presents entry points and references to the wide range of tools and methods that have been used to facilitate improved knowledge and learning in the development and humanitarian sectors. Thirty tools and techniques, including after-action reviews, are presented, divided into five categories: Strategy Development; Management Techniques; Collaboration Mechanisms; Knowledge Sharing and Learning Processes; and Knowledge Capture and Storage.

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